Wall Street English 영어수업 내용 복습

Another common misconception about NPOs is that they are only involved with charity work.

NPOs actually serve a wide variety of functions.

NPOs that focus on education can help retrain people so that their skills are more in sync with the changing economy.

And finally, because NPOs employ so many people, they contribute to the economy indirectly by paying those employees.

Benefiting the health and welfare of a community is not at odds with stimulating its economy.

Please think about the welfare of the community when you make the decision.

The leader of a country is responsible for the welfare of all the citizens.

An economic recovery happens when a country’s economy improves.

In order to stimulate the economy, the government is encouraging companies to spend more.

Policymakers are thinking of incentives for businesses. For example, if a company spends over $5000, they don’t have to pay taxes.

It is crucial to support NPOs that help retrain people so that they can work again because the economy needs skilled workers.

It is crucial to focus on the welfare of the community.

Contrary to what many people believe, the economy is struggling.

First of all, at Community One, we focus on teaching people important skills that are more in sync with what the economy needs.

Finally, for people who have just graduated and can’t find a job, we offer internship programs so that they can gain experience in the work world.

Although we offer such classes, we are finding that it is not enough support.

Studies have shown that regular exercise contributes to one’s happiness, which then increases one’s chances to succeed.

After five years of a bad economy, the government has taken action and now the country is in economic recovery.

A widespread misconception of an economic recovery is that it will be very quick. However, research shows that it can take months and even years for the economy to become stable. Another misconception is that during an economic recovery, there is no way other than up. Contrary to what most people believe, there are many ups and downs during an economic recovery.

Tim: How do I get a job at an NPO?
Sal: It’s the same as applying for a normal job. First of all, you send your resume. Then, if they are interested, they’ll call you and set up an interview.

A special event in a town can cause a ripple effect, because people who attend the event also spend money at restaurants, stores, and hotels in the local community.

One possible sign of economic recovery is a decrease in that rate of unemployment.

address educational needs 교육적 필요를 해결하다
On the contrary 대조적으로
be in sync with ~에 맞추다
play a vital role in economic recovery 경제 회복에 지대한 역할을 하다
non-profit organization ↔ for-profit company
contrary to what many people believe 많은 사람들이 생각하는 것과 달리
pay for utilities like electricity and water 공과금을 내다 (예: 전기, 물)
ripple effect 파급 효과, a situation in which one event produces effects which spread and produce further effects
causing a ripple effect that benefits the entire community 전체 지역사회에 이득을 가져다 주는 파급 효과를 유발하는
in this way 이러한 방법으로
be at odds with/over 동의하지 않는
lose one’s job 실직하다
a support network 도움을 주는 네트워크(사람 모임)
unemployment 1 the state of being unemployed 2 the number of people who do not have a job that provides money

Used To 표현 휘어잡기

오늘 정리하고자 하는 표현은 Used To 이다. 세 가지 용법이 있는데 하나씩 살펴보자.

1. Get/Be Used To (~에 익숙해지다)

새로운 환경, 새로운 개념 등에 익숙해졌다는 말을 하고 싶다면 이 표현을 쓰면 된다. “나 이거에 익숙해지고 있어” 라는 표현은 “I’m getting used to it” 이라고 말할 수 있다. 아래 세 가지 표현을 살펴보자.

1) I am used to studying English. (나는 영어 공부에 익숙하다) → 100% 익숙함. 편함.

2) I am getting used to studying English. (나는 영어 공부에 익숙해지고 있다) → 100% 익숙하지는 않지만 편해지고 있음.

3) I am not used to studying English. (나는 영어 공부에 익숙하지 않다) → 전혀 익숙하지 않음. 어색함. 불편.

참고로 get used to 표현은 어떤 직접적인 행동(action)과 함께 쓰인다. “I get used to swimming. I get used to speaking English.” 처럼 쓰면 된다. 하지만 “I get used to enjoying swimming.” 처럼 쓰지는 않는다. 이해는 하지만 어색하게 들린다고 한다.

또한, 현재 익숙하지는 않지만 익숙해질 수 있는 행동 또는 미래에도 익숙해지지 않을 것 같은 행동은 아래의 표현을 쓰면 된다.

  • I could get used to + N(명사)
  • I’ll never get used to + N(명사)

예를 들어, “나는 아침형 인간이라서 아침에 일찍 일어나는 데 익숙해질 수 있어” 라는 표현은 “I could get used to waking up early because I am a morning person.” 라고 쓸 수 있다. 반대로 “나는 올뺴미형 인간이라서 절대 일찍 일어나는 데 익숙해질 수 없어”라는 표현은 “I’ll never get used to waking up early because I’m a night owl.” 이라고 할 수 있다.

기억하자! 무언가에 익숙해지고 있다고 말하려면… “I’m getting used to it!”

2. Used to do something (~하는 데 사용되다)

Used to 의 다음 용법으로는 어떤 물건의 사용 용도를 말하는 것이다.

  • In rain, a newspaper can be used to protect your head.
  • Newspapers can be used to keep your birdcage clean.
  • They can also be rolled up and used to kill a fly.

좀 더 정확히 말하면 Used to는 아래와 같은 두 가지 형태로 쓸 수 있다.

  • be used to + V(동사)
  • be used for + Ving(동명사)

예를 들어 “Smartphones can be used to wire some money. Smartphones can be used for watching movies.” 처럼 쓸 수 있다.

3. Used to (오랫동안 ~하곤 했었다) 지금은 더 이상 안함

과거의 규칙적이고 오래된 습관을 말할 때 쓴다. 대부분의 경우 지금은 더이상 과거의 습관을 하고 있지 않음을 내포한다.

“Used to + verb” talks about things in the past that are (usually) not true anymore.

  • I used to play the piano. (나는 예전에 피아노를 쳤어. 하지만, 지금은 더 이상 아니야)
  • I used to live in Canada. (나는 예전에 캐나다에 살았어. 하지만, 지금은 더 이상 아니야)
  • I used to study French. (나는 불어를 공부했어. 하지만, 지금은 더 이상 아니야)

오늘은 Used to 의 세 가지 용례를 살펴봤다. ~에 익숙해지다(be/get used to + N), ~으로 사용되다(be used to V, be used to Ving), ~하곤 했었다(used to)의 세 가지 사용법을 기억해서 실생활에 잘 사용해보자. 실제 상황에서 쓰면 그 표현이 머리에 평생 남는다.