Wall Street English, UNIT 71


Even though a sudden influx of money sounds great to most people, a surprising number are ill prepared to deal with it when it happens.

The first piece of advice from all the experts pretty much boils down to: “Don’t do anything.”

Another way to create a goal is to think about what success means to you.

Making a financial plan helps you to save money and to reach your goals.

With all your hard work, you’re bound to be a success.

As soon as you enter this authentic Italian restaurant, you will be surrounded by the delightful smells of sauteed onions, and spicy tomato sauce.

It looks as if it is going to rain. Do you see all those dark clouds?

There is no doubt that she will be the club president again next year. No one else wants the job!

She is bound to get an interview because she has great qualifications.

Since today’s my last day here at the ABC Company, this may be the last chance to I get to say good-bye.

Samantha has been rehearsing her part every day and asking for input from fellow actors about how she can improve her performance. I’m sure she’ll give a spectacular performance.

I haven’t had much success with my investments this year. If the recession continues, I’m worried about what the future might bring.

If you had stopped to ask for directions, I imagine you would have arrived at the theater on time.

Every year our club’s membership fee goes up by $5.00, and this year the facilities have been renovated, so I assume the fee will increase even more.

Communication, UNIT 71

coherent : 1 If a piece of writing, set of ideas etc is coherent, it is easy to understand because it is clear and reasonable. 2 If someone is coherent, they are talking in a way that is clear and easy to understand. 3 If a group is coherent, its members are connected or united because they share common aims, qualities, or beliefs.

ramble : to talk for a long time in a way that does not seem clearly organized, so that other people find it difficult to understand you.

ex) She’s getting old and she tends to ramble a bit.

I’m just a little down.

undermine : to gradually make someone or something less strong or effective

Grammar, UNIT 71

When she was just a girl, she would design new dresses for her dolls.

What happened to you? You used to be able to overcome any obstacle in your way.

I used to play hockey, but I’m too old for that now.

When we were new employees, we would work regularly during weekends.

I didn’t use to enjoy commuting to work, but now it’s the only quite time I get in the day.

They used to hold a Monday morning meeting, but now they only communicate via email.

I used to think that having my own business was impossible, but now I’m my own boss!


Used To 표현 휘어잡기

오늘 정리하고자 하는 표현은 Used To 이다. 세 가지 용법이 있는데 하나씩 살펴보자.

1. Get/Be Used To (~에 익숙해지다)

새로운 환경, 새로운 개념 등에 익숙해졌다는 말을 하고 싶다면 이 표현을 쓰면 된다. “나 이거에 익숙해지고 있어” 라는 표현은 “I’m getting used to it” 이라고 말할 수 있다. 아래 세 가지 표현을 살펴보자.

1) I am used to studying English. (나는 영어 공부에 익숙하다) → 100% 익숙함. 편함.

2) I am getting used to studying English. (나는 영어 공부에 익숙해지고 있다) → 100% 익숙하지는 않지만 편해지고 있음.

3) I am not used to studying English. (나는 영어 공부에 익숙하지 않다) → 전혀 익숙하지 않음. 어색함. 불편.

참고로 get used to 표현은 어떤 직접적인 행동(action)과 함께 쓰인다. “I get used to swimming. I get used to speaking English.” 처럼 쓰면 된다. 하지만 “I get used to enjoying swimming.” 처럼 쓰지는 않는다. 이해는 하지만 어색하게 들린다고 한다.

또한, 현재 익숙하지는 않지만 익숙해질 수 있는 행동 또는 미래에도 익숙해지지 않을 것 같은 행동은 아래의 표현을 쓰면 된다.

  • I could get used to + N(명사)
  • I’ll never get used to + N(명사)

예를 들어, “나는 아침형 인간이라서 아침에 일찍 일어나는 데 익숙해질 수 있어” 라는 표현은 “I could get used to waking up early because I am a morning person.” 라고 쓸 수 있다. 반대로 “나는 올뺴미형 인간이라서 절대 일찍 일어나는 데 익숙해질 수 없어”라는 표현은 “I’ll never get used to waking up early because I’m a night owl.” 이라고 할 수 있다.

기억하자! 무언가에 익숙해지고 있다고 말하려면… “I’m getting used to it!”

2. Used to do something (~하는 데 사용되다)

Used to 의 다음 용법으로는 어떤 물건의 사용 용도를 말하는 것이다.

  • In rain, a newspaper can be used to protect your head.
  • Newspapers can be used to keep your birdcage clean.
  • They can also be rolled up and used to kill a fly.

좀 더 정확히 말하면 Used to는 아래와 같은 두 가지 형태로 쓸 수 있다.

  • be used to + V(동사)
  • be used for + Ving(동명사)

예를 들어 “Smartphones can be used to wire some money. Smartphones can be used for watching movies.” 처럼 쓸 수 있다.

3. Used to (오랫동안 ~하곤 했었다) 지금은 더 이상 안함

과거의 규칙적이고 오래된 습관을 말할 때 쓴다. 대부분의 경우 지금은 더이상 과거의 습관을 하고 있지 않음을 내포한다.

“Used to + verb” talks about things in the past that are (usually) not true anymore.

  • I used to play the piano. (나는 예전에 피아노를 쳤어. 하지만, 지금은 더 이상 아니야)
  • I used to live in Canada. (나는 예전에 캐나다에 살았어. 하지만, 지금은 더 이상 아니야)
  • I used to study French. (나는 불어를 공부했어. 하지만, 지금은 더 이상 아니야)

오늘은 Used to 의 세 가지 용례를 살펴봤다. ~에 익숙해지다(be/get used to + N), ~으로 사용되다(be used to V, be used to Ving), ~하곤 했었다(used to)의 세 가지 사용법을 기억해서 실생활에 잘 사용해보자. 실제 상황에서 쓰면 그 표현이 머리에 평생 남는다.